Tuesday September 23rd 2014

Insight Areas

‘Manufacturing and Industrials’ Archives

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in São Tomé and Príncipe

The emergence of global value chains (GVCs) presents an extraordinary opportunity for São Tomé and Príncipe, a small island state off the coast of Central Africa that gained its independence from Portugal on 12 July 1975. GVCs have the potential of increasing the value of the country’s two main export crops, cocoa and coffee. This could bring [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Zimbabwe

Global value chains (GVC) that operate in a transparent and accountable way can be an engine for sustainable development. Zimbabwe is currently integrated in global value chains in agriculture (tobacco, sugar, cotton and horticulture), mining (diamonds, gold, and platinum) and manufacturing (food and beverages, clothing and textiles, wood and [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Zambia

Zambia is abundantly endowed with natural resources such as land, forests and water, as well as non-renewable minerals, including copper, cobalt and emeralds. The implementation of appropriate development policies therefore has the potential to lead the country to reap the full benefits of its resource endowment. Designing and implementing [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Uganda

Global value chain (GVC) development is receiving increasing attention in Uganda. The National Development Plan (NDP) 2010/11-2014/15, for instance, includes as a key intervention “supporting and strengthening key product value chains to access high value markets and penetrate global value chains through Public Private Partnerships and [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Senegal

The emergence of GVCs is seen by the authorities as an opportunity more fully to integrate the country into world trade, even if there are risks attached. For example, the processing of peanut oil, an export product, has encountered difficulties including variations in production and the export of non-treated unshelled peanuts to China and India. [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Tunisia

Since the 1970s, Tunisia has opted for an economic model oriented toward exports and industrialization, supported by a proactive policy of public investment in physical and human capital, and of attracting FDI through a law favoring enterprises that export their entire production. Mainly dominated in the early 1960s by the agricultural sector, the [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Togo

Togo became part of GVCs in the 1860s, with the export of several dozen tons of cottonseed to Europe, followed by coffee and cocoa. This trade with the world in cash crops has intensified since the 1940s, peaking in the 1970s. Towards the end of the 1970s, Togo went through an initial phase of sustained industrialization, financed by loans backed [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Nigeria

Nigeria’s industrial sector is categorized into crude petroleum and natural gas, solid minerals and manufacturing. Exploration of oil and gas is the main contributor to industrial activities. The level of industrialization is low as outside of oil and gas, this sector only accounts for 3.4%of total GDP and offers low employment opportunities. [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Swaziland

Swaziland’s inflows of foreign direct investment (FDI) targeting the export market were larger than those for Botswana and Namibia in the early 1990s. Its attraction for such investments has declined since the demise of the apartheid regime in South Africa and the end of civil war in Mozambique. Despite the decline in FDI inflows, USD 136 [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Tanzania

Tanzania’s current role in GVCs is low. The service industry contributes 48% of Tanzania’s GDP. It is heavily geared towards urban centers in the domestic market and especially active in telecommunications and financial services. Agriculture contributes 27% to GDP but plays the predominant role for employment. Industry’s share in GDP is 25%, [...]

Niger Economy 2014: Recent Developments and Prospects

After growing 11.1% in 2012, propelled by the start of oil production and a good harvest, real GDP growth was just 3.6% in 2013. This decline was due to sluggish growth in the agricultural and mining sectors. Primary sector production, which accounts for almost 40% of GDP, fell by 1.4% because of the early end of the rains over the majority of [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Sudan

Sudan’s recent experience revealed that the value chains processes of precious minerals and agricultural production were competitive rather than complementary. Although oil has contributed to exports and generated positive forward linkages in terms of downstream industries (refining, plastic production and oil-related infrastructures) including [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in South Sudan

Developing domestic production and exports in the non-oil sectors is important for South Sudan’s drive for industrialization, yet its participation in global value chains (GVCs) is still in its infancy. South Sudan has great potential in sectors such as mining, agriculture, forestry, livestock, fisheries, energy (except oil) but supply capacity [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Sierra Leone

Overall appraisal of the country’s participation in global value chains (GVCs) Plagued by ten years of civil conflict that inhibited commodity production and trade capacity and weakened market systems including the country’s infrastructure, it would be understandable that during and immediately after the conflict period, the country’s [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Seychelles

Seychelles has a small, open economy, limited in natural resources and in skilled labor, which imports over 95% for its consumption and production. As a result, the country has to depend upon Global Value Chains (GVCs) to sustain its economy, enhance incomes and employment. Like many Small Island Developing states (SIDS), Seychelles is [...]

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