Saturday August 23rd 2014

Insight Areas

‘Manufacturing and Industrials’ Archives

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Sierra Leone

Overall appraisal of the country’s participation in global value chains (GVCs) Plagued by ten years of civil conflict that inhibited commodity production and trade capacity and weakened market systems including the country’s infrastructure, it would be understandable that during and immediately after the conflict period, the country’s [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Seychelles

Seychelles has a small, open economy, limited in natural resources and in skilled labor, which imports over 95% for its consumption and production. As a result, the country has to depend upon Global Value Chains (GVCs) to sustain its economy, enhance incomes and employment. Like many Small Island Developing states (SIDS), Seychelles is [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Mali

Mali focuses on growth of global value chains (GVC) through its program for competitiveness and agricultural diversification (PCDA) and integrated economic growth initiatives (IICM). The PCDA is a government project to promote supply chains to raise and diversify income and economic opportunities in the countryside, by improving supply chain [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Libya

Libya’s economy is primarily structured around the energy sector, which generates about 50% of GDP and 96% of government revenues. Concentration on the export market for hydrocarbons has led to dependence on imported consumer and industrial goods, both failing to create domestic employment opportunities and inhibiting domestic entrepreneurship. [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Madagascar

Madagascar’s participation in global value chains (GVCs) is limited to exporting unprocessed goods to Western Europe and North America and selling to consumers mainly non-food products imported from France and China and food imported from SADC and COMESA member states. Sectors such as tourism, the textile-manufacturing free zone and ICT-related [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Liberia

Liberia has participated in global value chains for decades through its export of primary commodities, and the revitalization of this sector after the war has been a key driver of economic growth. Exports have been dominated by three commodities – iron ore, rubber and timber – that accounted for more than 80% of exports and an estimated 22% of [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Lesotho

Livestock, textiles and clothing are the main areas where Lesotho has attempted to participate in regional and global value chains. Though currently undeveloped, opportunities for value chains also exist within mining, agro industries and the natural resources sector, such as sorting, cutting and polishing diamonds. Livestock plays an important [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Guinea-Bissau

Generally speaking, Guinea-Bissau is only weakly integrated into global value chains (GVCs). With an industrial and commercial fabric that is structurally underdeveloped, the production of goods and services in the country contributes little value added. Industrially, after significant growth in recent years pushed value added in manufacturing up [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Guinea

Guinea’s small industrial structure and energy supply problems hinder its inclusion in GVCs, which are chiefly in mining, chemicals (plastics, paint and cement) and agro-food. The small value-added operations are in mining, assembling and packaging semi-finished products and selling them locally and sub-regionally. The unskilled labor-intensive [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Ethiopia

Ethiopia’s participation in global value chains (GVCs) and its relative share in total value add created by trade in GVCs are minimal both in forward and backward linkages. Ethiopia, along with many African countries, is still in the initial stages of gaining access to GVCs beyond natural-resource exports, highlighting the need for new [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Gabon

In 2010, Gabon initiated a strategic plan to propel itself to the status of an emerging economy by 2025. The plan is underpinned by a sweeping reform program aimed at diversifying the economy and making the industrial and services sectors more competitive while preserving the country’s great environmental wealth. Implementation of this program [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Gambia

The Gambia is connected to global value chains through two main sectors: tourism and nuts. Tourism and nut production are the main foreign exchange earners outside the re-exports sector. We will analyze in this section the tourism and cashew nut sectors for which information is available. Tourism value chain Tourism has become the fastest [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Eritrea

The Government of Eritrea considers global value chains as one of the main engines for reducing economic volatility and improving growth. Major activities within the value chain are currently performed in the provision of ancillary services, production of agricultural goods, processing, natural-resource extraction, and sales and marketing. The [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Republic of Congo

ural resources gives it significant natural advantages in participating in GVCs, Congo’s share in international production networks is still modest. The biggest sectors are oil, timber and logs in GVCs and sugar in regional value chains. The country’s share in GVCs in agriculture and services has been very slight. Aside from oil and sugar, the [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Equatorial Guinea

The country was radically changed in the 1990s when oilfields were discovered and went into production. It was upgraded from a low-income, mainly agricultural country to a middle-income country, the third largest oil producer in sub-Saharan Africa and the second main destination of FDI – from foreign oil companies – in Central Africa. The [...]

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