Wednesday July 30th 2014

Insight Areas

‘Manufacturing and Industrials’ Archives

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Guinea-Bissau

Generally speaking, Guinea-Bissau is only weakly integrated into global value chains (GVCs). With an industrial and commercial fabric that is structurally underdeveloped, the production of goods and services in the country contributes little value added. Industrially, after significant growth in recent years pushed value added in manufacturing up [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Guinea

Guinea’s small industrial structure and energy supply problems hinder its inclusion in GVCs, which are chiefly in mining, chemicals (plastics, paint and cement) and agro-food. The small value-added operations are in mining, assembling and packaging semi-finished products and selling them locally and sub-regionally. The unskilled labor-intensive [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Ethiopia

Ethiopia’s participation in global value chains (GVCs) and its relative share in total value add created by trade in GVCs are minimal both in forward and backward linkages. Ethiopia, along with many African countries, is still in the initial stages of gaining access to GVCs beyond natural-resource exports, highlighting the need for new [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Gabon

In 2010, Gabon initiated a strategic plan to propel itself to the status of an emerging economy by 2025. The plan is underpinned by a sweeping reform program aimed at diversifying the economy and making the industrial and services sectors more competitive while preserving the country’s great environmental wealth. Implementation of this program [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Gambia

The Gambia is connected to global value chains through two main sectors: tourism and nuts. Tourism and nut production are the main foreign exchange earners outside the re-exports sector. We will analyze in this section the tourism and cashew nut sectors for which information is available. Tourism value chain Tourism has become the fastest [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Eritrea

The Government of Eritrea considers global value chains as one of the main engines for reducing economic volatility and improving growth. Major activities within the value chain are currently performed in the provision of ancillary services, production of agricultural goods, processing, natural-resource extraction, and sales and marketing. The [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Republic of Congo

ural resources gives it significant natural advantages in participating in GVCs, Congo’s share in international production networks is still modest. The biggest sectors are oil, timber and logs in GVCs and sugar in regional value chains. The country’s share in GVCs in agriculture and services has been very slight. Aside from oil and sugar, the [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Equatorial Guinea

The country was radically changed in the 1990s when oilfields were discovered and went into production. It was upgraded from a low-income, mainly agricultural country to a middle-income country, the third largest oil producer in sub-Saharan Africa and the second main destination of FDI – from foreign oil companies – in Central Africa. The [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Egypt

In early 2008, the IMF described Egypt as “one of the Middle East’s fastest-growing economies”, as the country’s real GDP had accelerated beyond 7% in 2006/07 from 3.2% in 2001/02. This acceleration was due to the economic reforms introduced in 2004 by President Hosni Mubarak’s administration. The reforms increased the participation of [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Djibouti

Djibouti is low on the global value chain (GVC), with its economy focused on maritime transport services. An agreement in 2000 for Dubai Port World to run the port of Djibouti has enabled the country to use its geo-strategic position at the crossroads of key commercial maritime routes. Since 2008, a state-of-the-art container port at Doraleh for [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Côte d’Ivoire

Côte d’Ivoire participates in GVCs involving many agro-food items (palm oil, cashews, pineapples, bananas) and agro-industries in heavy demand regionally or worldwide. The country supplies 40% of the world’s cocoa, as well as coffee (300 000 tons a year) and rubber (256 000 tons in 2012). These are exported unprocessed or after intermediate [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Democratic Republic of Congo

The Democratic Republic of Congo remains one of the least developed countries in the world, due to its poor capacity to develop its enormous production potential. Structural weaknesses, lack of infrastructure and governance issues since independence in 1960 are some of the reasons for the absence today of an industrial fabric that could make this [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Chad

Four decades of fighting have prevented Chad from building a solid and diversified industrial foundation and participating in global value chains (GVCs). Before oil was found, cotton, introduced in the 1920s, was the main economic activity and brought in a lot of money to fund development. It accounted for two-thirds of export earnings and one [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Cabo Verde

Cabo Verde’s natural and geographic conditions combine a lack of non-renewable natural resources, a lack of sizeable arable land, a dry climate, which makes it unsuited for large-scale agriculture, and a relative small population of 500 000 dispersed in nine islands. These conditions have limited the country´s ability to integrate into global [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Kenya

Kenya has a range of value chains in floriculture, textiles, leather, automotive production, intermediate and final manufacturing, music industry and tourism. It is evident that the country is generally at the low end of the value chain, given that a large component of Kenya’s exports is in raw materials (e.g. coffee, tea, animal products) which [...]

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