Tuesday September 2nd 2014

Insight Areas

‘Manufacturing and Industrials’ Archives

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Togo

Togo became part of GVCs in the 1860s, with the export of several dozen tons of cottonseed to Europe, followed by coffee and cocoa. This trade with the world in cash crops has intensified since the 1940s, peaking in the 1970s. Towards the end of the 1970s, Togo went through an initial phase of sustained industrialization, financed by loans backed [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Nigeria

Nigeria’s industrial sector is categorized into crude petroleum and natural gas, solid minerals and manufacturing. Exploration of oil and gas is the main contributor to industrial activities. The level of industrialization is low as outside of oil and gas, this sector only accounts for 3.4%of total GDP and offers low employment opportunities. [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Swaziland

Swaziland’s inflows of foreign direct investment (FDI) targeting the export market were larger than those for Botswana and Namibia in the early 1990s. Its attraction for such investments has declined since the demise of the apartheid regime in South Africa and the end of civil war in Mozambique. Despite the decline in FDI inflows, USD 136 [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Tanzania

Tanzania’s current role in GVCs is low. The service industry contributes 48% of Tanzania’s GDP. It is heavily geared towards urban centers in the domestic market and especially active in telecommunications and financial services. Agriculture contributes 27% to GDP but plays the predominant role for employment. Industry’s share in GDP is 25%, [...]

Niger Economy 2014: Recent Developments and Prospects

After growing 11.1% in 2012, propelled by the start of oil production and a good harvest, real GDP growth was just 3.6% in 2013. This decline was due to sluggish growth in the agricultural and mining sectors. Primary sector production, which accounts for almost 40% of GDP, fell by 1.4% because of the early end of the rains over the majority of [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Sudan

Sudan’s recent experience revealed that the value chains processes of precious minerals and agricultural production were competitive rather than complementary. Although oil has contributed to exports and generated positive forward linkages in terms of downstream industries (refining, plastic production and oil-related infrastructures) including [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in South Sudan

Developing domestic production and exports in the non-oil sectors is important for South Sudan’s drive for industrialization, yet its participation in global value chains (GVCs) is still in its infancy. South Sudan has great potential in sectors such as mining, agriculture, forestry, livestock, fisheries, energy (except oil) but supply capacity [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Sierra Leone

Overall appraisal of the country’s participation in global value chains (GVCs) Plagued by ten years of civil conflict that inhibited commodity production and trade capacity and weakened market systems including the country’s infrastructure, it would be understandable that during and immediately after the conflict period, the country’s [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Seychelles

Seychelles has a small, open economy, limited in natural resources and in skilled labor, which imports over 95% for its consumption and production. As a result, the country has to depend upon Global Value Chains (GVCs) to sustain its economy, enhance incomes and employment. Like many Small Island Developing states (SIDS), Seychelles is [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Mali

Mali focuses on growth of global value chains (GVC) through its program for competitiveness and agricultural diversification (PCDA) and integrated economic growth initiatives (IICM). The PCDA is a government project to promote supply chains to raise and diversify income and economic opportunities in the countryside, by improving supply chain [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Libya

Libya’s economy is primarily structured around the energy sector, which generates about 50% of GDP and 96% of government revenues. Concentration on the export market for hydrocarbons has led to dependence on imported consumer and industrial goods, both failing to create domestic employment opportunities and inhibiting domestic entrepreneurship. [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Madagascar

Madagascar’s participation in global value chains (GVCs) is limited to exporting unprocessed goods to Western Europe and North America and selling to consumers mainly non-food products imported from France and China and food imported from SADC and COMESA member states. Sectors such as tourism, the textile-manufacturing free zone and ICT-related [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Liberia

Liberia has participated in global value chains for decades through its export of primary commodities, and the revitalization of this sector after the war has been a key driver of economic growth. Exports have been dominated by three commodities – iron ore, rubber and timber – that accounted for more than 80% of exports and an estimated 22% of [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Lesotho

Livestock, textiles and clothing are the main areas where Lesotho has attempted to participate in regional and global value chains. Though currently undeveloped, opportunities for value chains also exist within mining, agro industries and the natural resources sector, such as sorting, cutting and polishing diamonds. Livestock plays an important [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Guinea-Bissau

Generally speaking, Guinea-Bissau is only weakly integrated into global value chains (GVCs). With an industrial and commercial fabric that is structurally underdeveloped, the production of goods and services in the country contributes little value added. Industrially, after significant growth in recent years pushed value added in manufacturing up [...]

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