Saturday April 18th 2015

Insight Areas

‘Manufacturing and Industrials’ Archives

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Mauritania

Mauritania is integrated into GVCs to varying degrees through its mining and oil sector, its fisheries sector and its Nouadhibou free zone. Iron, oil, copper, gold and fish are exported unprocessed to Europe and China, where they are used as inputs into the value chains of their own production systems. Advanced processing of these products before [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Mauritius

Mauritius’ small and geographically isolated market has historically motivated its integration into the global value chains (GVC). With trade accounting for about 120.5% of GDP the economy is highly open and strongly linked to other markets. Building on peace and stability, strong institutions and fiscal discipline, the country has made huge [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Morocco

In recent years, Morocco’s trade balance deficit has widened due to the entry into force of numerous free trade agreements, while the country’s export profile, in particular of advanced technology products, has become a problem. The policy of import substitution that lasted from independence to the mid-1980s led to specialization only in [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Mozambique

Mozambique has a residual place in global value chains (GVC). The economy is focused on the primary sector, and particularly the extractive industries. During the last decade agriculture progressively increased its share of GDP to 32%, over the secondary sector (24%) and services (44%). The services sector is mostly dynamic in telecommunications, [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Niger

Niger’s participation in international trade remains low-key because of an underdeveloped productive capacity. Global value chains (GVCs) are perceived to present an opportunity for Niger to take advantage of globalization. Indeed, the country possesses assets, notably low labor costs, a sizeable regional market that is benefiting from the [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Rwanda

Embedding domestic firms into global value chains (GVCs) has been identified as a key government priority to support export growth and diversification, bolster private sector development and leap-frog the various impediments that continue to hinder the contribution of the country’s private sector. In the absence of data to quantify the content [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in São Tomé and Príncipe

The emergence of global value chains (GVCs) presents an extraordinary opportunity for São Tomé and Príncipe, a small island state off the coast of Central Africa that gained its independence from Portugal on 12 July 1975. GVCs have the potential of increasing the value of the country’s two main export crops, cocoa and coffee. This could bring [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Zimbabwe

Global value chains (GVC) that operate in a transparent and accountable way can be an engine for sustainable development. Zimbabwe is currently integrated in global value chains in agriculture (tobacco, sugar, cotton and horticulture), mining (diamonds, gold, and platinum) and manufacturing (food and beverages, clothing and textiles, wood and [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Zambia

Zambia is abundantly endowed with natural resources such as land, forests and water, as well as non-renewable minerals, including copper, cobalt and emeralds. The implementation of appropriate development policies therefore has the potential to lead the country to reap the full benefits of its resource endowment. Designing and implementing [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Uganda

Global value chain (GVC) development is receiving increasing attention in Uganda. The National Development Plan (NDP) 2010/11-2014/15, for instance, includes as a key intervention “supporting and strengthening key product value chains to access high value markets and penetrate global value chains through Public Private Partnerships and [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Senegal

The emergence of GVCs is seen by the authorities as an opportunity more fully to integrate the country into world trade, even if there are risks attached. For example, the processing of peanut oil, an export product, has encountered difficulties including variations in production and the export of non-treated unshelled peanuts to China and India. [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Tunisia

Since the 1970s, Tunisia has opted for an economic model oriented toward exports and industrialization, supported by a proactive policy of public investment in physical and human capital, and of attracting FDI through a law favoring enterprises that export their entire production. Mainly dominated in the early 1960s by the agricultural sector, the [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Togo

Togo became part of GVCs in the 1860s, with the export of several dozen tons of cottonseed to Europe, followed by coffee and cocoa. This trade with the world in cash crops has intensified since the 1940s, peaking in the 1970s. Towards the end of the 1970s, Togo went through an initial phase of sustained industrialization, financed by loans backed [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Nigeria

Nigeria’s industrial sector is categorized into crude petroleum and natural gas, solid minerals and manufacturing. Exploration of oil and gas is the main contributor to industrial activities. The level of industrialization is low as outside of oil and gas, this sector only accounts for 3.4%of total GDP and offers low employment opportunities. [...]

Industrialization and Global Value Chains in Swaziland

Swaziland’s inflows of foreign direct investment (FDI) targeting the export market were larger than those for Botswana and Namibia in the early 1990s. Its attraction for such investments has declined since the demise of the apartheid regime in South Africa and the end of civil war in Mozambique. Despite the decline in FDI inflows, USD 136 [...]

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